Part I, Part II, Part III, Part IV, Part V
In chapter six, entitled “The Gods of Disbelief,” Miller takes on several interlocutors at once with regard to a philosophical outlook called materialism. Materialism is the philosophical outlook that says that the material/physical universe is all that exists. If materialism is the correct philosophical outlook, then perhaps there truly is no room for God. Miller does not take this stance, but instead, looks to question it.
Materialism is the outlook taken by most of Miller’s opponents in this chapter such as biologists Richard Dawkins and William Provine, Sociobiologist Edward O. Wilson, Geneticist Richard Lewontin, and Philosopher Daniel Dennet, among others. In their view, Darwinian evolution is the death knell of the antiquated notion of God. Since they subscribe to philosophical materialism, and the material universe is all that exists, then there is no longer any place for God since science and evolution by natural selection have been able to explain the material causes of the universe, and even of life itself. There is no place left for a God if all things can be explained through natural cause and effect.